Cancer, also called malignancy, is an invasive disease which arise from abnormal cell growth. Our body has an inbuilt mechanism to generate new cells which can replace the old ones, periodically. Sometimes, new cells are produced in excess even before the old cells can terminate. Now these cells amass together to form a lump of tissues called a tumor which are malignant.
Cancer causes as many as 8.8 million deaths in India alone every single year. However, with the efforts of the best hospitals in India for cancer, the disease is being cured completely and a lot of research is being done to come up with new methods to tackle it.
Types Of Cancer
There are over 100 types of cancer that has been discovered by medical ak science. Most cancers are named after the organ or area they originate from. As cancer has a tendency to spread from its site of origin and invade other parts of the body – a process called metastasis. Here is a list of the most common cancers that we often hear about.
- Basal Cell Cancer
Commonly known as skin cancer, it appears as a white, waxy lump or a brown scaly patch on the area of the skin which are mostly exposed to the sun. It affects as many as 10 million people in India every year. Limiting sun exposure and wearing sunscreens regularly has been proven to help prevent basal cells from becoming cancerous.
- Breast Cancer
It mostly affect women but that does not mean men cannot fall victim to this form of cancer. It mostly shows up in the form of a lump in the breast and unusual changes in the shape or texture of the breast or nipples.
- Prostate Cancer
This type of cancer affects only men and develops in their prostate gland. The first sign of prostate cancers is pain or difficulty felt during urination. However, it often gives away no symptom, which is why it is highly advisable for men to get themselves checked by a doctor every now and then.
- Lung Cancer
Lung cancer can be caused by a lot of things that includes smoking, passive smoking, genetics and exposure to certain toxins. It’s symptoms include coughing, wheezing, chest pain and weight loss.
Leukemia, also called blood cancer, disturbs the formation of blood cells by damaging the tissues that are responsible for the formation of blood cells. It is less common than the other 4 types of cancers in the list and affects less than a million people in a year in India.
Cancer can be treated in various ways depending on the type of the cancer. The treatment can range from surgery, radiation, chemotherapy and blood transfusion or even a combination of these treatments. Here’s a look at the top 10 best cancer hospitals in India who provide excellent treatment to cure the disease successfully –
- Dharamshila Cancer Hospital and Research centre, New Delhi.
- Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Mumbai.
- Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, New Delhi.
- Max Super Speciality Hospital, Saket, New Delhi.
- BLK Super Speciality Hospital, New Delhi.
- Fortis Memorial Research Institute, Gurgaon.
- Medanta – The Medicity, Gurgaon.
- Artemis Hospital, Gurgaon.
- Narayan Multi Speciality Hospital, Bengaluru.
- Aster Medicity, Kochi.